When you appear for an entrance exam or a competitive exam, you need to answer series of questions pertinent to various fields. Logical reasoning aptitude questions is one such category which the candidates have to solve when they sit for a competitive exam. The below mentioned questions will help you to get the hint what type of questions usually comes in the examination.
We have mentioned 10 logical reasoning aptitude questions and then the answers are mentioned below.
Top 10 Logical Reasoning Aptitude Questions
1. A man decides to buy a nice horse. He pays $60 for it, and he is very content with the strong animal. After a year, the value of the horse has increased to $70 and he decides to sell the horse. But already a few days later he regrets his decision to sell the beautiful horse, and he buys it again. Unfortunately he has to pay $80 to get it back, so he loses $10. After another year of owning the horse, he finally decides to sell the horse for $90. What is the overall profit the man makes?
2. A bus run at 100 km/hr top speed. It can carry a maximum of 6 persons. If speed of bus decreases in fixed proportion with increase in number of person, find speed when three person are traveling in bus.
3. A man wanted to enter an exclusive club but did not know the password that was required. He waited by the door and listened. A club member knocked on the door and the doorman said, “twelve.” The member replied, “six” and was let in. A second member came to the door and the doorman said, “six.” The member replied, “three” and was let in. The man thought he had heard enough and walked up to the door. The doorman said, “ten” and the man replied, “five”. But he was not let in. What should have he said?
4. There are 20 pieces of bread to divide among 20 people. A man eats 3 pieces, woman eats 2 pieces and a child eats half piece of bread. Tell the correct combination of men, women and children so that they are 20 people in total and everyone gets the bread. Note that a man cannot eat less than 3 or more than 3. A woman cannot eat less than 2 or more than 2 and the child cannot eat less than half or more than half piece of the bread. You have to tell there are how many men, women and children in those 20 people.
5. A cube of side 4cm is painted with 3 colors red, blue and green in such a way that opposite sides are painted in the same color. This cube is now cut into 64 cubes of equal size. How many have at least two sides painted in different colors.1. How many cubes have only one side painted? 2. How many cubes have no side painted? 3. How many have exactly one side not painted? 4 How many have exactly one side not painted?
6. How many squares are there on a normal chessboard?
7. Three people picked 65 apples altogether. At the first tree they each picked the same number of apples. At the second tree they each picked 3 times as many as they picked at the first tree. When they finished at the third tree, the group had 5 times as many apples as they had when
8. You have to measure exactly 4 liters of water, but you only have a 3-liter bottle and a 5-liter bottle. How do you do it?
9. If 5+3+2 = 151012, 9+2+4 = 183662, 8+6+3 = 482466, 5+4+5 = 202504 then what will be the answer of 7+2+5? Only 2% people are able to solve this aptitude question. Let’s see if you can do it.
10. The sum of ages of 5 children born at the intervals of 3 years each is 50 years. What is the age of the youngest child?
Answers to the 10 Logical Aptitude Reasoning Questions
1. Consider the trade-story as if it describes two separate trades, where: In the first trade, the man buys something for $60 and sells it again for $70, so he makes a profit of $10. In the second trade, the man buys something for $80 and sells it again for $90, so he makes again a profit of $10.
Conclusion: The man makes an overall profit of $10 + $10 = $20.
You can also look at the problem as follows:
The total expenses are $60 + $80 = $140 and the total earnings are $70 + $90 = $160. The overall profit is therefore $160 – $140 = $20.
2. 100 Km/hr because that is the top speed of the bus.
3. The man had to reply the number of characters in the word the Doorman was asking. He should have replied “Three” instead of “Five”.
4. There are 5 women, 1 man and 14 children.
5. Cubes that have at least two sides painted in different colours are 24 + 8 = 32. 2. Cubes that have only one side painted are 24. 3. Cubes that have no side painted = 8. 4. Cubes that have exactly one side not painted = 0
6. There are actually 204 squares on a chessboard. Surprised! Here is the explanation. There are 64 (1×1) squares. There are 49 (2×2) squares. There are 36 (3×3) squares. There are 25 (4×4) squares. There are 16 (5×5) squares. There are 9 (6×6) squares. Then there are 4 (7×7) squares and 1 big 8×8 square. So, there are a total of 204 squares on a normal chessboard.
7. One Apple
8. Fill the 3-litre bottle and pour it into the empty 5-litre bottle. Fill the 3-litre bottle again, and pour enough to fill 5-litre bottle. This leaves exactly 1 litre in the 3-litre bottle. Empty the 5-litre bottle; pour the remaining 1 litre from the 3-litre bottle into the 5-litre bottle. Fill the 3-litre bottle and pour it into the 5-litre bottle. The 5-litre bottle now has exactly 4 litres.
9. 7 + 2 + 5 = 143542. Explanation: a + b + c leads to a 6-digit number.
The first and second digits are the product of a and b. The third and fourth digits are the product of a and c. The fifth and sixth digits are b*(a+c) with the digits of the solution reversed.
10. 4 Years. Explanation: Let the ages of children be x, (x + 3), (x + 6), (x + 9) and (x + 12) years. Then, x + (x + 3) + (x + 6) + (x + 9) + (x + 12) = 50 i.e. 5x = 20 and x = 4. So, the age of the youngest child (x) is 4 years.
Practice the questions logical reasoning aptitude questions again and again and expect to get good score when you appear for the actual exam.
For more aptitude questions, head over to list of 50 aptitude test questions and answers